The organization suffers a major structural crisis, which has not allowed it to effectively fulfill the role entrusted to it, its main organs have not been modified since its creation and the current structure does not respond to the dynamics of these days, characterized by presenting problems of another nature to those of world wars or territorial conflicts, themes that dominated the world dynamics of the past, on the contrary, today the most frequent problems are terrorism, drug trafficking, etc. that obviously require different strategies to be fought.
The efforts in matters such as diplomacy and politics are diminished by the infinity of problems to deal with the current international dynamics effectively due to the lack of forcefulness when facing the problems passively.
UN diplomatic, political or military intervention in conflicts
The first Gulf War, in which the UN practically took a back seat, taking both diplomatic and military leadership, the alliance of the United States with a series of countries, mostly European.
The war that occurred in Yugoslavia , in order to avoid more and greater violations of human rights, the UN missions initially deployed diplomatic actions, however the military stage developed later, due to the failure of diplomacy, was surprisingly assumed by NATO and not by the UN as appropriate.
The war in Afghanistan and the seizure of power by the British – North American alliance in Iraq, in these two problems the UN did not act militarily, while diplomatically in the case of Afghanistan it did not even issue any opinion or resolution. In Iraq, the rapidity of the dynamics washed over the Organization before agreeing on a decisive decision to solve the problem.
The future of the Organization is uncertain, it is observed the growing politicization and the management and influences that the economic factors of the member countries have, when making decisions or approving resolutions of a diplomatic, security, humanitarian, or even military nature, These issues should not be influenced or diverted by economic factors of the member countries.
If the Organization does not take forceful, rapid and radical measures on points, such as necessary structural modifications, depoliticize and exclude the economic interests of the member countries, when taking decisions and resolutions, this Organization will suffer more profound and continuous excesses than those suffered up to the moment, since when an Organization, whatever its importance or size, begins to suffer contempt of its resolutions by its members in such a public and notorious way, these resolutions and the Organization itself, lose representativeness, authority and credibility among its members, thus causing the beginning of anarchic conduct in international matters.
If UN diplomatic measures are to have a positive, accurate and swift effect in international conflicts, this Organization must review, modify and modernize its internal structure and policies in the diplomatic sphere.
It is certainly not an easy task, but if international coexistence is achieved, it will be enriched and human rights will cease to be the domain of a privileged minority.
The 17 of March of 2011 the Security Council of the UN approved a resolution authorizing the imposition of a no -fly zone against Libya and includes “all necessary measures” except a “military occupation”. The reasons were alleged human rights violations of followers and troops loyal to Libyan President Muammar El Gaddafi when facing popular uprisings that demanded his resignation.
On March 19, 2011, the United States, France and Great Britain began a military offensive against Libya that until March 21 had caused more than 200 casualties, including many children and women.
The Arab League, which had unanimously approved the imposition of a no-fly zone over Libya, had made it clear that it rejected any foreign military intervention. This group condemned the one day after the beginning of the bombings the foreign military intervention in the country, and its secretary general said he was surprised by the intensity of the bombings against the forces loyal to the Libyan ruler Muammar Gadhafi and expressed:
What is happening in Libya is very different from the mission of imposing a no-fly zone, and what we want is the protection of civilians, not more bombing.
Russia, China, Brazil and South Africa (all members of the Security Council) and numerous countries in Latin America and other regions expressed their rejection of the invasion and have harshly criticized the actions of the UN and its Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, who was the object in Cairo of a demonstration contrary to his actions with respect to Libya and that forced his guards to find another way out to leave the building where he was.
The president of Bolivia, Evo Morales, called for the UN to change its acronym by ION or “Invasive Nations Organization” according to abbreviationfinder.