Tort is known as denigrating word or action that hurts, offends or despise someone. The grievance can be verbal, when the words are used to undermine the dignity, economic rights or interests, or physical when the physical integrity of the person is undermined, through aggressions or disrespectful acts.
When a grievance is committed, the dignity or honor of someone else is affected or hurt, which may be a person, thing, institution, society and / or thing in itself. For example: “the boss aggravated his employee with insults and threats,” or “the economic crisis in the country caused a grievance in the family economy.”
Tort also means the fact or situation that harms a person. “Violence against women is a violation of human rights.”
Tort is used as a synonym for offense, outrage, insult, insult, humiliation, contempt, among others. On the other hand, the antonyms are respect, praise, satisfaction, relief.
The word, as such, comes from the Latin aggraviare, word integrated by the prefix ad that means to and by gravare that expresses imposing a load or weight.
Tort in Law
For civil and criminal proceedings, tort is the damage, offense or damage caused by the judgment of the lower court that the appellant presents before the judge of the appeal, and must expose the errors of fact and law contained in said judgment. The presentation of the arguments by the appellant is extremely important, otherwise in some laws they classify it as inoperative grievances and a declaration of invalidity is obtained, leaving the claim introduced without effect.
On the other hand, there is the constitutional offense that is that impugnative means against inadmissible sentences issued in second instance, which leads the appellant to go to the Constitutional Court as the last instance to obtain the replacement of his violated or threatened rights.
The comparative grievance is when a person receives a different, humiliating and offensive treatment with respect to another who is in a situation of equality against the same circumstance, violating the principles of equality, justice and equity. For example: two individuals who work in the same department and with the same functions have two different salaries leading to a comparative grievance that makes the work environment difficult.