Before proceeding to determine the meaning of the term prison we must proceed to know its etymological origin. In this case, we can say that it is a word of Latin origin. Exactly derived from “carcer” and was used to refer to both the spaces that had bars and the spaces where gladiators waited to go out into the arena. Not forgetting that it was also used to refer to the underground places in which the beasts that were going to face the aforementioned gladiators were kept.
It is called jail to the building that used to confine prisoners. A prisoner, on the other hand, is a person who was deprived of his liberty as a conviction for having committed a crime.
For example: “Last night there was a riot in the San Jerónimo prison”, “The government promised to remodel the prisons so that the inmates live in better conditions”, “A dangerous criminal jumped over the wall and fled the prison”.
Prisons are institutions that depend on the State. The set of prisons and the body in charge of their administration make up the penitentiary system. In a democracy, only the judiciary can order that a person be sent to jail.
There are several reasons that are used to justify the fact of depriving a human being of liberty. As part of a judicial process, a judge may decide that a defendant be sent to jail to prevent a possible escape or to obstruct the investigation. Regarding the incarceration of convicted persons, it allows to protect citizens from dangerous people (thieves, murderers, rapists, etc.), it serves as a deterrent for those who could break the law and it contributes to the re – socialization of those who decided to stay away from them. norms of social coexistence.
According to DigoPaul, many are the prisons that exist around the world. However, among the best known and most important are some like these:
-Alcatraz prison, which has inspired the world of literature and even cinema. It is located in the United States, specifically on the island that gives it its name, and well-known figures such as Al Capone have served time there. It has always been considered one of those with the tightest security measures, but a total of 36 prisoners tried to escape fourteen times. He has appeared in films such as “The Man from Alcatraz” (1962) or “The Escape from Alcatraz” (1979).
-The Château d’If prison, which is in France. It inspired Alexander Dumas and thus determined that its famous Count of Monte Cristo was taken prisoner.
-The Robben Island jail, which is located in South Africa. If it is relevant, it is because Nelson Mandela was imprisoned there.
The idea of jail is also used with reference to the sentence that deprives someone of their liberty: “Leonel’s murderer was given fifteen years in prison”, “It is unfair that I get two years in prison when I did not commit any crime. “
In colloquial language, finally, jail is called what overwhelms or overwhelms: “This job is a jail, at any moment I will quit”, “The singer fought for years to get out of the prison of addictions.