According to ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG, OAS stands for Organization of American States.
Conjuration and vindication in San José
From August 22 to 29, 1960, the VII Meeting of Consultation was held in San José, Costa Rica. Among the points on its agenda was the strengthening of continental solidarity and the inter-American system, especially in the face of threats of extracontinental intervention, and the consideration of the international tensions existing in the Caribbean region, to ensure harmony, unity and peace. of America, among others.
The meeting adopted a statement that in its operative paragraphs 4 and 5 stated that
(…) the inter-American system is incompatible with all forms of totalitarianism and democracy will only achieve the fullness of its objectives on the continent when all the American republics adjust their conduct to the principles enunciated in the Declaration of Santiago de Chile and all the Member states of the regional organization have the obligation to submit to the discipline of the inter-American system, voluntarily and freely agreed, and that the strongest guarantee of their political independence comes from obedience to the provisions of the Charter of the Organization of American States.
In San José, the necessary conditions were established, in accordance with Yankee terms, to impose the exclusion of the Cuban government. In protest, when announcing the decision to withdraw from that shameful cabal, Foreign Minister Raúl Roa sentenced with a memorable and forceful phrase the definitive break with the OAS:
Latin American governments have left Cuba alone. I am leaving with my people, and the peoples of America are also leaving here with my people.
In response to the results of the San José Meeting, more than a million Cubans gathered in the Plaza de la Revolución in the historic General Assembly of the People of Cuba, adopted the First Declaration of Havana, through which the hegemonic claims were rejected. of the United States against Cuba, its policy of isolation and the servility of the OAS in the face of these lies.
Expulsion and attempted isolation
In December 1961, the OAS Permanent Council decided – at the request of Colombia – to convene the VIII Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs for January 22 to 31, 1962, in Punta del Este (Uruguay), where they were adopted nine resolutions, four of them against Cuba, but the IV was the “jewel” of the OAS, entitled “Exclusion of the current Government of Cuba from its participation in the Inter-American System”, which was the highest Yankee aspiration to delegitimize politically and diplomat to the Revolution. The resolution was approved with 14 affirmative votes (the United States had to buy Haiti’s vote to obtain the minimum majority), one against —Cuba— and six abstentions: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Mexico. The last two nations expressed that the expulsion of a member state did not proceed, since there was no prior reform of the organization’s Charter.
The then president of Cuba, Osvaldo Dorticós, raised the flag that the “chancellor of dignity” Raúl Roa García had raised earlier on that same stage:
[…] If what is intended is for Cuba to submit to the determinations of a powerful country, if what is sought is for Cuba to capitulate, renounce the aspirations of well-being, progress and peace that animate its socialist revolution and surrender its sovereignty, if the intention is for Cuba to turn its back on countries that have shown it sincere friendship and full respect; If, in a word, an attempt is made to enslave a country that has conquered its total freedom after a century and a half of sacrifices, know once and for all: Cuba will not capitulate. […] We were convinced that a decision would be taken against Cuba but that will not affect the development of the Revolution. We came to go from accused to accuser, to accuse the culprit here, which is none other than the imperialist government of the United States. […] the OAS becomes incompatible
with the right to education, with the liquidation of illiteracy, with social equality, with the liquidation of the latifundia, with the nationalization of the imperialist monopolies,
[…] and in that case Cuba should not be in the OAS. […] We may not be in the OAS, but socialist Cuba will be in America; We may not be in the OAS, but the imperialist government of the United States will continue to count 90 miles from its coasts with a revolutionary and socialist Cuba […].
Defeated in Girón in 1961, the plans of Operation Mongoose that led to the Crisis of October 1962 failed, with the economic, commercial and financial blockade already proclaimed and with terrorist gangs fighting in the Escambray mountains., the United States only had to internationalize its abject policy, for which it uses the IX Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, in Washington in July 1964, through a resolution inspired by the TIAR (Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance), which had already displaced the OAS Charter, providing that the governments of the American States break their diplomatic or consular relations with the Government of Cuba. Only Mexico maintained a dignified position and did not bow to the empire’s designs.
Democratic Charter and the Failure of Bad Politics
Just on September 11, 2001, when the twin towers were collapsing in New York, the Inter-American Democratic Charter was promulgated, the most recent and sneaky Yankee maneuver against Cuba in the OAS, which established the rules that countries were obliged to follow. to be members of the hemispheric bloc. Before you could not be a Marxist-Leninist; now bourgeois representative democracy and the “Market God” had to be adopted as a requirement. In the end, the exclusion of the country was promoted in a similar way.
But the Revolution entered the 21st century, the winner of the longest and bloodiest siege that any people have known in the history of humanity. It is a symbol that the imperial powers are neither omnimous nor eternal. The nobility and will of the people is recognized throughout the planet. The OAS had utterly failed.
Cuba has fluid diplomatic relations with all the nations of the hemisphere and was acclaimed in the Rio Group, because no people of the continent ever excluded us. Cuba did not panic, it did not give in, it did not change its sovereign decision one iota, it did not negotiate its freedom, its independence and its self-determination. It is not an extreme position, it is a principle, and it was established by Raúl Roa García in August 1959 when he said:
[…] The Cuban Revolution is not to the right or to the left of anyone: it is in front of everyone, with its own and unmistakable position. It is not third, nor fourth, nor fifth position. It is the position itself.