Doctrine, a term that comes from the Latin doctrīna, is the set of teachings that is based on a system of beliefs. According to abbreviationfinder, DOCT stands for Doctrine.
These are the existing principles on a given subject, generally with claims of universal validity. For example: “Christian doctrine postulates the existence of a God who is Father, Son and Holy Spirit”, “Private property is contrary to socialist doctrine and must be abolished from our society”.
Christian doctrine lays the foundations for the development of this religion.
Doctrine and dogma
The notion of doctrine is also linked to the body of a dogma (made up of certain and undeniable propositions) and to legislative principles. The teaching of doctrines and dogmas is known as indoctrination, a term that is usually used in a negative sense to refer to the re-education of people in a context where space is not given to the plurality of opinions or the free search for knowledge. Totalitarian regimes and sects are responsible for indoctrinating their subjects.
This shows a difference between indoctrination (which seeks to impose doctrines) and education (which wants to instruct the person so that he is in a position to analyze the knowledge and determine the validity of the information on his own).
In law, the doctrine affects the legal system of a region.
The concept in law
In the field of law, a legal doctrine is a concept supported by jurists and that influences the development of the legal system, although when they do not directly originate law.
Within this legislative and legal field, the existence of what is known as the Parot doctrine must be highlighted. It was in 2006 when this was established by the Supreme Court of Spain with the clear objective that terrorists who had been convicted of attacks committed between 1977 and 1995 could not be released from prison before serving the maximum sentence established, which is 30 years old.
In this way, through this maxim, the terrorist Henri Parot, a member of the terrorist group ETA who was accused of the murder of a total of 82 people, was prevented from being released precisely in 2006.
This legal regulation, which in 2008 was ratified by the Constitutional Court of Spain, has been qualified by the Human Rights Court of Strasbourg as a violation of said rights in two specific points. Hence, it has urged the Spanish government to modify those points and release the terrorist Inés del Río Prada who, based on them, should have been released from prison after having had her sentences redeemed for years of work or of study during his years in prison. And that is what the Penal Code of 1973 established.
However, the Spanish government has made it perfectly clear not only that it is not going to release said criminal and murderer due to flight risk, but that it is also going to appeal to the Grand Chamber of the aforementioned European Court of Human Rights.
A military doctrine, finally, is the set of techniques, strategies, tactics and practices that constitute a military confrontation.
The military doctrine proposes the steps to follow to win a war.