What is Cyclothymia?
Cyclothymia is called the mood disorder in people that, due to its characteristics, is also considered a mild form of Bipolar Disorder.
Cyclothymia is a psychiatric diagnosis with which a chronic alteration of the mood is designated, encompassing multiple alternating periods of hypomania, that is, states of depression or euphoria considered mild or moderate.
Although the cause of this disorder is unknown, it is known that both men and women suffer from it, and it is believed to have an important genetic component, as well as that there are various factors that influence its appearance, for example, traumatic experiences or episodes. very stressful.
Cyclothymia develops throughout adolescence, therefore, in some cases it is diagnosed late. Unfortunately, those who suffer from cyclothymia and do not carry out adequate medical treatment can develop Bipolar Disorder.
People with cyclothymia may have the following symptoms:
- Emotional ups and downs, that is, hypomanic symptoms.
- Mild or moderate depression.
- Extreme optimism
- Hostile behavior
- Excessive physical expressiveness
To counteract this disorder there are several treatments that consist of different therapies such as cognitive-behavioral, family, group or interpersonal. Pharmacological treatment can also be used.
Those with cyclothymia disorder may have various episodes in which they have difficulties in leading a social, family and work life and relationship, especially if they constantly suffer from hypomanic attacks.