The term caricature, whose etymological root is found in the Italian language, refers to a graphic satire that develops by deforming the appearance of something or someone. It is a drawing for humorous purposes, which often ridicules its model.
For example: “This morning I saw in the newspaper a very funny cartoon of the president”, “Controversy over a cartoon of Muhammad published in a European magazine”, “When my son saw his cartoon, he started to cry: he did not understand what it was about of a joke ”.
According to DigoPaul, cartoons are often created through distortion or exaggeration of features. The caricature of a tall man, to name one case, can present him as someone as tall as a building. A long-nosed person, meanwhile, may appear in a cartoon with a nose larger than his entire body.
In addition to the above, we have to establish that in order to make a good cartoon, you must follow these indications that we indicate below:
-The most important rule is that the cartoon must have a certain similarity to the original.
-The key is to exaggerate the most significant facial features of the person in question. Traits that can surprise both for being very large and very small. For this reason, it must be borne in mind that whoever is going to make the caricature must first carefully analyze the face of the individual in front of him.
-Although these characteristics of the face must be exaggerated, it is important that the caricaturizer does not deform that face too much. Of course, because if you do, what you are going to achieve is that the person is not recognizable.
-Among the steps that are established that will allow a good caricature, the following stand out: draw the circle of the face and establish the guide lines taking into account the perspective, establish the eyes, ears, nose in each area of the face, the eyebrows and the mouth using basic strokes. From there it will be necessary to continue outlining and highlighting and then proceed to establish the entire face.
Beyond the comic, cartoons can also make a complaint or constitute a criticism. For this, allegories or symbolism are usually used. If a political leader is caricatured as a vulture or a crow, he will be associating him with a bird of prey, which feeds on corpses.
Among the most famous people who become the target of the works of cartoon experts are celebrities such as politicians, actors, singers and athletes. However, anyone can have theirs as there are many artists who offer this service, especially in tourist areas.
In some countries, the cartoon series or movie is called a caricature: “When I was a boy I spent all my vacations watching cartoons on television”, “Tomorrow we are going to see a cartoon movie at the cinema”, “My daughter loves cartoons ”.
In colloquial language, finally, what pretends to be something but fails to achieve it is classified as a caricature: “I don’t understand how the club hired this caricature of a soccer player”, “This is not a serious project, it is just a caricature”.