The cardiology is the specialization of medicine focused on the analysis of the heart. The cardiologists, therefore, can perform diagnostics and treatments indicate disorders linked to this body.
Although the requirements vary according to the country, generally cardiologists are doctors and surgeons who then carry out the corresponding specialization. An expert in cardiology must be in a position to care for patients with any type of heart problem and to carry out prevention tasks to minimize the appearance of this type of disease.
There are many disorders that can affect the heart. At a general level, we speak of heart failure when the heart is not capable of pumping the blood necessary for the proper functioning of the body, or that it can do so but at the cost of other disorders.
According to DigoPaul, cardiology, within this framework, can diagnose heart failure and indicate treatments according to the characteristics of the patient. The acute myocardial infarction, with angina pectoris, the endocarditis, the ventricular fibrillation and atrial fibrillation are among the processes that studies and treats cardiology.
In order to establish a diagnosis, the cardiology specialist may indicate various studies, such as an electrocardiogram, a Doppler ultrasound, the Holter test (which provides for 24-hour uninterrupted monitoring of the patient), the vascular table test, the exercise test (or stress), ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, tilt test and drug sensitization studies.
Common treatment procedures include bypass, angioplasty, and stenting.
When a person decides to start a sports activity, it is recommended that they go to a doctor to check their physical condition. In this framework, a consultation with a cardiology expert is often suggested to determine if your heart is working properly and would be able to withstand the effort.
It is important to note that the field of cardiology is complex, and for this reason it is common for cardiologists to choose one of the various subspecialties to focus their careers on; in this context we find areas such as nuclear cardiology, interventional cardiology, cardiac electrophysiology, cardiac rehabilitation, echocardiology, heart rhythm disorders, the coronary unit and intensive cardiology therapy.
As mentioned above, we are facing one of the many branches of medicine. Depending on the country, there are various requirements to graduate in cardiology. A bachelor’s degree in medicine and surgery is generally required prior to undertaking specialty studies, which typically last approximately five years.
Throughout the academic training process, aspiring cardiologist doctors have to approach various aspects that are related to the specialty, among which are the following:
* hospital medicine: covers care for patients who have been admitted to a health center, as well as outpatient or outpatient, for those who go to the consultation but then do not need to stay in the hospital;
* assistance in urgent or acute cases whose treatment cannot be delayed;
* clinical cardiology: it deals with all the issues that are related to working with patients directly and the possible ways to approach each case in particular;
* care before and after an operation: to minimize surgical risks, it is necessary to carry out a cardiological evaluation before any operation. Similarly, postoperative care is very important for a proper recovery;
* Preventive cardiology: studies the measures that professionals should take to avoid the appearance of diseases included in this branch of medicine.