Biotic is the medium where life exists and, therefore, living organisms or related to them. However, the biotic term is related to the word biota that refers to all flora and fauna.
The organisms that make up the biotic environment must survive and reproduce in an environment with other living organisms, which is why each one must possess physiological characteristics and behaviors that help them compete for food, shelter, space, among other causes.
In contrast to the above, the abiotic term is the means that there is no life but it is indispensable in an ecosystem and has an impact on the beings that live in it, such as: water, light, temperature, and so on.
Likewise, the biotic term may be present in different contexts. The biotic field is an electrodynamic field related to the biomembranes of prokaryotic cells and mitochondria, as well as of the chloroplasts of eukaryotic cells, product of the effects made by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field on electrically charged particles in motion through of specialized molecules such as ATP.
The macrobiotic diet consists of a diet based on the balance of yin and yang, this type of food is rich in grains, cereals and vegetables and without the presence of products with a high content of unhealthy fats. Macrobiotic feeding was created by the Japanese George Ohsawa in 1957. However, probiotic foods are those that have certain elements that help improve intestinal flora and have beneficial health effects.
The Biotic factors are living things in an ecosystem, the relationships between them, which determine its existence. Biotic factors are flora, fauna, human beings, among others.
Biotic factors are classified into:
- producers or autotrophs are those organisms that produce their own food from inorganic substances,
- consumers or heterotrophs are characterized because they are organisms unable to produce their own food, ingests them already prepared and, finally,
- Decomposers are those organisms that feed on decomposed organic matter such as fungi.
In turn, biotic factors are divided into: individual is each organism of the ecosystem, population refers to the set of individuals of a place and community is characterized by different interactions between different populations.
Among the biotic factors there are intersubjective relationships between different populations such as: predation in which one living being feeds on another, competition refers to 2 species using the same resource as space, parasitism is characterized by the feeding of a being I live through another without bringing death, mutualism is characterized by 2 or more species come together to make a profit.
There are also various elements that can modify biotic elements such as: the climate, the existence of a new species, human activity due to the practice of deforestation, industrialization, pollution, etc.