Bioethics is an interdisciplinary field that publicly discusses and criticizes ethical standards in the area of medicine and health.
The principles that bioethics wants to establish encompass both practical, scientific, research and public policy areas.
Bioethics takes into account the disciplines of philosophy, theology, history, law, nursing, health policies, medical humanism and medicine.
Bioethics emerges to define and clarify the true objective and purpose of life sciences and medicine. Seeks answers to ethical values in the use of technology, and its practices in the field of medicine and health.
The main objective of biotics is to offer professionals in the areas of medicine, genetic biology, biochemistry and biophysics:
- ethical orientation,
- interdisciplinary approach.
The term bioethics was first mentioned by the German Fritz Jahr in 1926 in his work Bio-Ethik.
Principles of bioethics
Due to the rapidity in which science and technology develops, the principles of bioethics are constantly being reviewed and discussed.
So far, some guides and questions have been defined that will help define the principles of bioethics. In this way, the protection of human rights in the area of medicine and health is sought, such as:
- Every patient has the right to know and refuse the treatments or procedures that are applied or applied to them.
- What are the rights and obligations of the professional and the common citizen? What is the correct procedure to follow?
- General public’s right to knowledge and understanding in moral philosophy and scientific advances in the field of health.
- Open discussions and debates about the way we live and die covering the interaction between human life, science and technology.
- Define the concepts of pain, suffering, rights and obligations in medical matters.