Biodiversity or biological diversity is the variety of life forms on the planet, including terrestrial, marine ecosystems and ecological complexes of which they are part, beyond the diversity within each species, between species and ecosystems.
Biodiversity varies according to different ecological regions, and is much higher in tropical areas than in temperate climates.
Biodiversity is responsible for ensuring the balance of ecosystems around the world, since the human species depends on biodiversity to survive.
Ironically, the main threat to biodiversity is human action through deforestation, forest fires and changes in the climate and the ecosystem.
The damage caused to biodiversity affects not only the species that inhabit that place, but also damages the network of relationships between the species and the environment in which they live. Due to deforestation and fires, many species have become extinct before they could be studied, or before any action was taken to try to preserve the species.
Biodiversity is not static, it is dynamic, it is a system in constant evolution, both in each species, as well as in each individual organism.