What are the Meanings of Agora?

As an agora it is called the urban space that was conceived as a social, political and administrative center in the cities of Ancient Greece. Etymologically, the word comes from the Greek ἀγορά (agorá), which derives from the verb of ἀγείρω (agueíro), which means ‘to gather’.

The agora, in this sense, served as the current public squares. There the citizens came to discuss and discuss the various issues that affected their daily lives, as well as to stock up on food for personal consumption.

Around the agora, on the other hand, were the most important buildings in the city: administrative offices, courts, places for the gathering of citizen councils and for religious worship, as well as public baths and the market. In addition, it was surrounded by arcades, which provided protection from rain and sun.

The agora was in the lower part of the urban center, unlike the acropolis, which was located on the highest hill in the city. Beginning in the eighth century, the agora displaced the acropolis in importance and became an authentic center of urban growth and a meeting place for Greek citizens.

For the Romans, on the other hand, it was the forum that served as the agora as the center of social, political and administrative meeting of the city.

Within the field of architecture and urbanism, on the other hand, as an agora it is called the square where the social, political, economic, cultural and religious life of the city comes together.

The importance of the agora, in this sense, lies precisely in that it is constituted as a space for social interaction and exchange and the nerve center of urban life in the city.

On the other hand, as an agora it was also called the type of assembly that was held in the agora.


As agoraphobia is called the anxiety disorder characterized by fear of open spaces such as squares, streets or places open and clear, prone to agglomerations or which can not escape or can not have help. The agoraphobic, in this sense, are susceptible people suffer from anxiety or panic attacks when in the open. Hence, anxiety is manifested in feelings of suffocation, suffocation, fainting, chills, tachycardia, tremors, fatigue, nausea, etc.