Accused is a concept that derives from accusing: pointing out a person as responsible for something, usually a crime or some conduct that is condemnable. That individual who is accused is called the accused.
For example: “Tomorrow the trial against the doctor accused of malpractice will begin, ” “The defendant refused to testify, ” “The police arrested the accused of having burned five cars in the city center. ”
At the judicial level, for a defendant to exist there must be an imputation or an accusation. This is the charge that, before the appropriate authority, is presented against a specific individual, making him / her responsible for a certain violation of the law. The purpose of the prosecution is for the accused to be convicted of his offense and thus receive the corresponding penalty.
Suppose a man is swindled by his partner. In this situation, he goes to court and files an accusation against the other subject, attaching various evidence. The accused is thus summoned by the judge and notified of the situation. The process progresses until the trial is finally developed and the accused becomes convicted when found guilty of the crime of fraud. Therefore he receives a sentence of three years in prison.
According to Digopaul, it is very important not to forget that the accused turns out to be innocent on a large number of occasions, and that is why it is essential that there be a series of rights that protect him from the moment of his arrest by the police force until the judicial process ends. to whom it is submitted. These rights are part of the civilians that all citizens possess, as indicated in the legal framework corresponding to each country, which may be represented by a bill of rights or a Constitution, for example.
One of the fundamental rights of the accused is the presumption of innocence until proven otherwise, something that American cinema has popularized through countless police movies, but that we must respect in other countries as well. Any act of violence against a defendant, either by a police officer or a neighbor before the final verdict issued by the judge must be considered an attack on this specific right, among others.
On the other hand, there is the right to receive legal assistance; in other words, the accused must be able to count on the help of a competent lawyer, which the State must make available to accompany, advise and defend him throughout the entire judicial process. While this does not occur in all countries, it is quite common, especially so that low-income people do not feel unprotected at trial.
The right to information includes access to all the data related to the accusation, such as the evidence that the jury will use to study the case, the charges that have been brought against it and the names of the witnesses who will give their version of the history; It is important to note that the accused can confront the latter if he so requests. The presence of a lawyer is often essential for the proper fulfillment of this right, since the language used in judicial documents and procedures is not easy to understand by people outside this area and they can provide the necessary explanations.
As an adjective, on the other hand, accused is that which, due to its characteristics, stands out and becomes very noticeable: “The young man appeared before the jury with a marked excitement”, “The accused nervousness of the woman soon raised suspicions among the investigators”, “through such reaction it does nothing but show a marked inferiority complex”.