According to andyeducation, Sudan’s educational system is divided into three levels: primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary education is compulsory for all children aged 6 to 14 years old and is free of charge. Primary education in Sudan consists of six years of study, divided into two cycles of three years each. During the first cycle, students are taught the fundamentals of language, mathematics and science. The second cycle focuses on more specialized subjects such as social studies; geography; history; music & art; physical education; health sciences; technology & engineering and religion & ethics. Secondary education in Sudan is also divided into two levels: lower secondary (for students aged 14 to 18 years old) and upper secondary (for students aged 18 to 21 years old). Lower secondary curriculum includes instruction in English language arts; mathematics; science; social studies; geography; history; business studies ; physical education ; health sciences ;technology & engineering ;music & art ; religion & ethics as well as other electives such as home economics or agriculture. Upper secondary curriculum focuses on more specialized subjects related to a particular field of study chosen by the student such as science & technology, humanities & social sciences or arts & design. At the end of this period, students take the Sudanese General Certificate Examination which determines their eligibility for higher education institutions. Tertiary education in Sudan is provided by universities, polytechnics, university colleges and professional schools. Higher education institutions offer courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate level with degrees ranging from bachelor’s degrees through doctorates depending on the institution and course chosen by the student. In addition to academic qualifications, many universities also offer vocational training courses designed to equip students with skills required for employment in various fields such as medicine, engineering or business management. Overall, Sudan’s educational system strives to equip its citizens with knowledge and skills required for success in life while also instilling values that promote peace and harmony within society. The government has implemented various initiatives such as free primary school tuition fees and improved access to higher educational institutions through scholarships or financial aid programs in order to ensure that all citizens have equal access to quality education regardless of their economic background or gender identity. See educationvv for Sudan educational systems.