According to andyeducation, Macedonia’s educational system is highly developed and offers a wide range of educational opportunities. The education system is based on the principles of the Bologna Process, which is an international agreement to create a more unified higher education system in Europe. Macedonia also follows the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS), which allows students to transfer credits between institutions in different countries. The Macedonian Ministry of Education and Science oversees all public schools, universities, and other educational institutions in the country. All citizens are provided with free primary and secondary education, as well as access to university-level courses. Primary education lasts for eight years, while secondary school lasts for four years. After completing secondary school, students can attend a university or college where they can pursue higher education in their chosen field. Most universities in Macedonia are state-run and offer degrees in a variety of disciplines such as medicine, engineering, law, economics, psychology, and more. The country also has several private universities that offer specialized programs in various fields. In addition to these universities, there are several vocational schools that provide technical training for students interested in pursuing a career in trades such as carpentry or plumbing. See educationvv for Northern Macedonia educational systems.