According to andyeducation, Kyrgyzstan has an education system that is overseen by the Ministry of Education and Science. The system consists of primary, secondary, and tertiary education. Primary education is compulsory and lasts for nine years. It begins at age six and is free for all citizens of Kyrgyzstan. At the end of primary school, students take the Unified State Exam (USE) to determine their eligibility for secondary education. Secondary education includes both academic and vocational schools, which are divided into two cycles of four years each. Students in the academic schools prepare for higher education by taking courses such as mathematics, natural sciences, foreign languages, and humanities. Vocational schools provide training in specific trades such as engineering or agriculture so that students can enter the workforce after completing their studies. Higher education in Kyrgyzstan includes universities, institutes, academies, conservatories, and specialized higher educational institutions. Programs can last anywhere from two to five years depending on the level of study and specialization chosen by a student. Students must take a special entrance exam in order to be accepted into higher educational institutions in Kyrgyzstan. Upon completion of their studies students receive a diploma or certificate confirming their qualifications. See educationvv for Kyrgyzstan educational systems.