According to andyeducation, Greece has a long history of educational systems, with traditional education dating back to ancient times. Today, the country’s education system is divided into three stages: primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary education in Greece starts at the age of five and lasts for six years. During this time, students learn basic literacy and numeracy skills as well as social studies. In addition to classroom instruction, students also participate in physical activities such as sports and field trips. Secondary education in Greece is divided into two cycles: lower secondary (gymnasio) and upper secondary (lykeio). Gymnasio lasts for three years and prepares students for lykeio which is a two-year program that focuses on more specialized topics such as mathematics, sciences, foreign languages and humanities. Upon completion of lykeio, students can pursue either university studies or technical/vocational training. Tertiary education in Greece consists of universities, polytechnics and technikas (technical schools). Universities offer both undergraduate and graduate degree programs while polytechnics offer only undergraduate degrees. Technikas provide students with technical training in specific fields such as engineering or agriculture. Additionally, there are several private institutions that offer degree programs in various fields of study including business administration and medicine. In order to ensure quality in its educational system, the Greek government has implemented several measures including providing financial assistance for low-income households; encouraging collaboration between public institutions and private companies; promoting diversity by encouraging underrepresented groups such as women or ethnic minorities to pursue higher degrees; improving teacher training programs; modernizing infrastructure; introducing new technologies into classrooms; providing computer labs with high-speed internet connections throughout the country; offering incentives for students who wish to pursue international studies or internships abroad; subsidizing businesses that hire recent graduates from Greek universities so they can gain practical experience before entering the job market; expanding access to free preschools throughout the country; implementing rigorous assessment systems for primary through tertiary levels of education; introducing language courses for refugee children living in Greece; increasing support for special needs children so they can attend school alongside their peers without discrimination or disadvantage. See educationvv for Greece educational systems.