According to andyeducation, Chile has a highly developed education system that is characterized by its public-private structure and its focus on providing quality education for all citizens. The Chilean educational system follows the traditional European model, with primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of education. Primary school is compulsory for all children aged 6-14 years old and is free of charge. Secondary school is divided into two stages: the first stage (Media General) covers grades 8-10 and the second stage (Media Superior) covers grades 11-13. Tertiary education consists of universities as well as technical colleges offering various programs ranging from certificate diplomas up to doctorate degrees in fields such as law, medicine or engineering among many others. The Chilean educational system is highly decentralized, with most responsibility for curriculum development, funding, and school management falling to local governments or private institutions. This decentralization has allowed increased flexibility in terms of curriculum customization but also created disparities between schools located in different regions of Chile. Private schools are especially prevalent at the secondary level, with over 70% of students attending private institutions in this sector. In recent years Chile has made significant progress towards achieving gender parity in its educational system through the introduction of measures such as gender quotas and affirmative action policies designed to increase access for female students. These measures have been successful in increasing female participation at all levels of education but there are still significant disparities between male and female students at higher levels such as university enrollment or graduation rates. The quality assurance process within Chile’s educational system focuses mainly on accreditation processes administered by a variety of organizations including CONEAU (National Accreditation Commission), CNAE (National Accreditation Agency for Education), ANECA (National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation), among others. These organizations are responsible for evaluating the quality of higher education institutions based on criteria related to teaching staff qualifications; infrastructure; research activities; student support services; etc., with accredited institutions receiving both financial incentives from the government as well as increased prestige from potential employers or graduate programs abroad. Overall Chile’s educational system has improved significantly over recent years due to increased access for previously marginalized communities such as indigenous peoples or those living in rural areas; increased investment from both public and private sources; improved quality assurance mechanisms; among other factors leading to a more inclusive educational environment that provides better opportunities for all citizens regardless of their background or location within Chile’s borders. See educationvv for Chile educational systems.