According to andyeducation, the educational system in Burkina Faso is divided into three main levels: pre-primary, primary and secondary. Pre-primary education is available to children aged four to six years old and includes activities such as language development, musical expression, artistic expression and physical education. Primary education is compulsory for all children between the ages of seven and twelve and consists of eight years of instruction in subjects such as French language, math, science, social studies and physical education. Secondary education consists of four years of instruction in grades nine through twelve. The national curriculum framework sets out the goals for each grade level as well as the core competencies and skills that students should be able to demonstrate upon graduation. It emphasizes critical thinking, problem solving skills as well as a strong foundation in traditional academic subjects such as mathematics, science and language arts. The curriculum also places great emphasis on Burkina Faso culture which is taught throughout the school system from kindergarten through high school. In addition to providing access to quality education for all citizens of Burkina Faso, the government has also implemented a number of policies aimed at improving educational outcomes including teacher training programs, school improvement initiatives, increased access to technology resources in classrooms across the country and increased funding for schools located in economically disadvantaged areas. At the tertiary level there are a number of higher learning institutions including universities which offer degree programs in a wide range of disciplines including engineering, medicine and law. In an effort to increase access to higher education for students from disadvantaged backgrounds or those living in rural areas there are several scholarship programs available to support students with their studies at universities or other tertiary institutions throughout Burkina Faso. These include scholarships from both public institutions such as universities or private foundations such as those established by non-governmental organizations or corporations operating within Burkina Faso. Additionally, there are student loan programs available which help students finance their studies without having to incur large amounts of debt upfront. See educationvv for Burkina Faso educational systems.