Play therapy It is a model of approximation psychotherapeutic used the game as a way of communication with the subject, especially with children, which allows approaching him and assist him, in addition to providing a good way to approach to diagnosis.
Through the game accompanied and observed the therapist establishes a relationship of trust with the child, analyzes their actions and reactions and helps you understand their experiences, providing new tools to interact with himself and his environment.
Play therapy It is especially useful for the treatment of children who have suffered severe stress situations or for those who are different than the considered as normal social, emotional or even cognitive development.
Play therapist You must know game techniques and methods have therapeutic adapted to the concrete situation and staff of each child and their stage of development.
Play therapy techniques
The therapist observes the child while playing with many different elements: houses, dolls, painting, stories, narratives, game symbolic, creativity, dramatic representation, masks, drawings, elements that favor the expression of feelings.
While you are building a climate that allows you to connect with the child and understand the causes of disturbed behaviour, offering, in addition, tools to understand their experiences and manage issues that influence and affect your life.
Usually offer a prepared play space, where are toys sorted and accessible to the child. At the beginning you work more freely, leaving the child to choose and, as the trust relationship progresses, different elements of the game that the therapist understands that they can help more can be proposed.
In the game space There is a corner where perform symbolic games on one’s home in a small house, dolls that the child will use to represent themselves if same, puppets, animals, material for the arts and is always played with the possibility of attending the dynamic drama with techniques of mimicry, storytelling, impromptu performance and costumes.
The that is the game that channels communication allows the child to act without so many external constraints, that flow and express what do not know or afraid to express otherwise.
The child in the game feels more free so they sprout their “ secrets ”, even where he does not consciously recognize.
Children who can benefit from play therapy
Play therapy used in different fields. It is suitable to reach out to children who have suffered serious traumas: his birth or postnatal stage, sexual abuse, have been direct victims of violence or have witnessed violence against other people, by suffering a loss, living an unresolved grief or the serious illness of a person of reference, a traumatic divorce of their parents , an adoption that does not has been well assimilated, accidents or illnesses that have served them a hospitalization or medical treatments that have made them suffer pain or fear and also for children who have a terminal or debilitating disease.
Also used with children with his behavior problems: deficit of attention, hyperactivity, depression, aggressiveness, disabling fears, night terrors, aggressiveness, emotional disengagement, problems to manage feelings and psychological or psychiatric problems.
Which provides play therapy for children
Perhaps the most interesting thing that can offer children the play therapy It is to express their feelings, emotions such as anger, fear, hate, his loneliness, his failure, his lack of social adaptation in a secure way as it is the game, where, thanks to the close the therapist’s attitude, can express themselves without fear to be judged and using imaging as hint of expression.
But in addition to the evaluation, play therapy It has a clear intention to therapeutic and to achieve his effect is essential for continuity in the work and a commitment by parents to keep the sessions and, largely, the same child, being this commitment rather than freely take to progress in therapy and will secure its confidence in the therapist.
The objective of play therapy is that the child is known better, understand his personal history, assume it and channeled, without denying the pain but respecting and learning to better relate to the environment and to exercise their freedom and responsibility.
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