Every parent should know that the toys were not made only to entertain, especially in the early stages of childhood. When the child plays, he establishes a series of mental constructs and learns a lot.
This is why it is important to know how to choose toys appropriate for every age, because only in this way the child will have the stimuli and learning experiences appropriate to their age range.
We talked with the educator of the Network Pythagorean Renata Gazzinelli, that separated the childhood of three cycles between 0 and 6 years. “From that age the childhas already drawn up mentally a series of buildings and that specific incentives are no longer as necessary”, explains the expert.
In the first cycle (0 to 2 years), the child prioritizes the instinct. In the second cycle (2 to 4 years) she already begins to unite this energy with the thoughts, and in the third cycle (4 to 6 years old) the child already is 100% strategy, it is understood, therefore, how to act based on reason. And the toys should follow this logic.
Renata also alert to the quality of the toys: “it Is better to have a few toys of great quality than many, but bad,” he says. The ideal is to give preference for toys that do not run the risk of drop of ink or break with ease – after all, if you break it into small pieces, the risk of accidents is great.
Now let’s see what toys most recommended for each of the cycles, and why invest in them:
0 to 2 years
In this period of childhood the child is going through a phase of oral expression, that is, of interaction with the world. The educator states that in this phase the child has to earn toys that agucem this interaction.
The toys should provide associations, a process called conflict-cognitive, which are nothing more than the recognition of an action. It is simple to do. For example, the child begins to throw a ball on the floor and realizes that the ball back to her.
In this way, the child recognizes that every time we play the ball on the floor, her back.From this cognitive conflict happens intentionality, that is, the child creates the intent to commit the act. In the case of the ball, it will begin to play the ball on the ground with the intention that the ball come back to her.
This process is important for the development of the child, who goes on to recognize that it was responsible for a given result, says Renata. “That is why the majority of children in this age range play the things on the floor or on the wall,” says Renata. “They feel that they are as well interfering, feeling responsible for such an event”, complete.
Every parent should know that the toys were not made only to entertain.
What is important to prioritize the choice of toy: large objects, lightweight, rounded, that could attract attention in some way (making noise, with various color that have a different format).
“Toys must be great for the baby not to put them in the mouth and run the risk of stifling”, says Renata. The ideal is that the toys are just plastic and have no more than four or five colors, because the child is not yet familiar with “information overload”.
2 to 4 years
According to Renata Gazzinelli, in this phase the child is already able to separate from adult and realize that it is a unique being, therefore, their repertoire of cognitive is enlarged.
And parents should keep up with this development, offering the child a repertoire is also varied. “Parents can provide toys that will explore the intellectual of the child, such as puzzles or toys to fit in,” says the educator.
The ideal is that the new toys are an extension of the old, only with new challenges, says Renata. If the child had a toy to fit with three pieces, now she can play with the one that has seven pieces in shapes and colors.
It is also important to insert in the play of the child the world to which she is accustomed. A good example is toys with pictures, or a subject that she knows. This way, you assign a context to the toy so that the child can make associations.gam
Parents can, for example, take the child to the zoo and then buy a small game of memory with some of the animals that she saw there.
“From the age of 3 years it is already possible to insert the universe literate in games, as games of complete words and join letters,” says Renata. “In this case it is also important to relate the words to things of everyday”, he adds. The parents may present the figure of an animal, and relate the first letter with the name of the child, such as “Giraffe” and “Gisele”.
What is important to prioritize the choice of toy: games mount and fit, very simple game of memory, with common elements such as fruits, animals and toys. The figures must make sense to the child. Toys with a large variety of sounds.
The materials should vary: if you recommended the plastic, now it is possible to add pieces of wood or polyurethane. The textures should also be diverse, so that the child recognizes the difference between soft, rough and soft, for example. “The size of the pieces can already be a bit lower, but nothing that she can still lead to the mouth and throat,” warns the teacher.
4 to 6 years
“For four years it is as if the world of the child if descortinasse to life. She begins to have autonomy to make decisions and make choices,” says Renata.
Different from the oral initial, where the child seemed to put everything “inside”, in this phase it exposes everything you think. The toys of this stage of childhood should explore this. Nothing can be obvious to the child, who must face great challenges.
The toys can be assembled, for example, may already have smaller pieces, and in greater amount, between 50 and 100. And the memory games can be more complex.
The games must wake up the mind of the child, that you have to think to interact with the game ? invest in board games, riddles, treasure hunts and all that explore the creativity and the intellectual of the child, that will make you think.
At this stage you can propose to the child that he or she create their own games such as a puzzle, a memory game or put together a story.
What is important to prioritize in the choice of the toy: the fantasy. “When the child plays a role, she builds her identity as a person,” says Renata.
In this phase, good toys are the objects of the house in general, such as calculators, sunglasses, bags, food packaging, among others. Everything that makes child play of “big people”.